Government Accused of Censorship Over Global Warming
E-Mails Suggest Officials Stopped Scientist From Talking About Global Warming
ABCNews.com, Sept. 20, 2006
By Clayton Sandell
Sept. 20, 2006 - Commerce Department officials may have tried to stop a government scientist from speaking to reporters because of his views on global warming, a California congressman says.
The officials "tried to suppress a federal scientist from discussing the link between global warming and hurricanes," according to a letter sent Tuesday from Rep. Henry Waxman to Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez.
The link between human-caused global warming and stronger hurricanes has been well established in several peer-reviewed scientific studies released in recent years.
Virtually all researchers who study hurricanes agree that warming temperatures will make hurricanes stronger, although there is debate over how much stronger they may get.
Officials at the Commerce Department and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration told ABC News today that they strongly disputed Waxman's allegations that scientists were being censored by political appointees.
"The inherent allegation that there's some sort of political bias reflected here is absurd," said NOAA public affairs director Jordan St. John.
Waxman, an outspoken Democrat and frequent critic of the Bush administration's stance on global warming, is the ranking minority member of the House Committee on Government Reform.
The letter details the chronology of an e-mail -- obtained by Waxman's office -- between officials at NOAA and the Commerce Department, which oversees a number of federal agencies, including NOAA.
The e-mail centered on an October 2005 request from CNBC television to interview NOAA scientist Thomas Knutson about the link between hurricanes and global warming.
The CNBC request was taken by Jana Goldman, a public affairs officer at NOAA. She noted in the request that "Knutson is the co-author of a 2004 paper that indicated that if carbon dioxide continues to rise at its current rate that hurricane intensity can rise about 5 percent over the next 80 years."
Goldman forwarded the request to St. John, Scott Smullen and Kent Laborde in the public affairs office at NOAA headquarters.
Laborde then sent the request to Chuck Fuqua, a press officer at the Department of Commerce.
Fuqua, according to Waxman's letter and a Commerce Department spokesman, was director of media operations for the 2004 Republican National Convention.
Fuqua wrote back to Laborde, asking, "What is Knutson's position on global warming vs. decadal cycles? Is he consistent with Bell and Landsea?"
Gerry Bell and Chris Landsea are NOAA hurricane researchers who have repeatedly emphasized natural "decadal" cycles not global warming as a cause of more powerful hurricanes.
Laborde then responded to Fuqua's question, writing: "His take is that even with worse case projections of greenhouse gas concentrations, there will be a very small increase in hurricane intensity that won't be realized until almost 100 years from now."
Fuqua then asked, "Why can't we have one of the other guys then?"
"This apparently ended the matter," Waxman said in his letter, citing a NOAA Daily Media Tracking Log that reports the CNBC "request was denied."
In an interview with The Wall Street Journal in February, Knutson said his views had been censored.
"NOAA public affairs called and asked what I would say to certain questions, like is there a trend in Atlantic hurricanes. I said I thought there was a possibility of a trend emerging that tropical hurricanes were becoming more intense. They turned down that interview," Knutson said to the newspaper.
"It was not that he was denied it," St. John said to ABC News.
"It's part of the rule of public affairs officers to try and match reporters up with the right experts," and Knutson was probably not the right expert to talk to CNBC, he said.
NOAA officials said that interview requests were routinely sent to the Commerce Department, and that nothing should be read into Fuqua's request that Knutson not do the interview.
"All media activities are reported in one manner or another," St. John said. "It [is] a general policy for any major issues -- regardless of what they are -- to be communicated & not only to the Department of Commerce but to NOAA leadership so they can know what the general media interest is."
"We're very proud of our scientists and the great work they do," said Commerce Department spokesman Richard Mills. "The role of our public affairs office, like other organizations, is to ensure that the media get accurate, timely and thorough information and that other officials are aware of what's being said so there are no surprises."
The science linking global warming to more powerful hurricanes has been the subject of intense scientific study and growing consensus over the last year.
Last week, a team of 19 top climate scientists from government labs in the United States and Europe reported that the buildup of human-induced greenhouse gases in the atmosphere appeared to be the primary driving force behind warmer oceans that fuel more powerful hurricanes.
Knutson was not connected to the latest study but was asked by ABC News to comment on it last week.
"We're increasing greenhouse gases and forcing the climate system in ways that we expect there are going to be very substantial changes in the coming century," he said. "We're trying to figure out what it means in terms of weather and things that impact people day to day, such as storms and heat waves and droughts."
The incident with Knutson echoes a similar recent attempt by administration officials to muzzle another government scientist who spoke out about global warming.
In January, NASA's top climate scientist, Dr. James Hansen, complained that political appointees were trying to limit his interaction with reporters after he gave a speech warning that greenhouse gases were bringing the planet's climate system to a "tipping point."
"One threat was relayed to me that there would be 'dire consequences', not specified," for speaking out, Hansen told ABC News.
A 24-year-old political appointee, George Deutsch, eventually resigned over the incident, and the agency issued a new communications policy that stressed openness among scientists and the news media. NOAA has been a previous target of criticism.
The editor of the journal Science alleged in February that NOAA scientists were not allowed to speak to reporters without approval.
Administrator Conrad Lautenbacher responded in an e-mail to NOAA staff, encouraging scientists to speak "freely and openly."
"I am a strong believer in open, peer-reviewed science, as well as the right and duty of scientists to seek the truth and to provide the best scientific advice possible," he wrote.
Waxman's letter requests "all internal documents or communications that describe or discuss the administration's position regarding the scientific issue of the connection between global warming and hurricanes" from Aug. 1, 2005, to the present.
He also asks Gutierrez to explain by Oct. 9 "the role of your office in determining which scientists could speak with the press regarding global warming."
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